A specialty of Italy's Campania region, this pasta probably appears on every restaurant menu in Naples. Puttana is Italian slang for "harlot," and this pasta dish is said to be as spicy as a lady of the evening. The Italians do not serve cheese with this dish because of the anchovy, but some people may want grated pecorino on top. If fresh basil is not available, substitute 2 tsp. dried oregano and add with the red pepper flakes when making the puttanesca sauce.